SPOILER ALERT!

Iphigenia in Aulis

Iphigenia in Aulis - Euripides, Nicholas Rudall This play brings to the fore the events preceeding the sacrifice of Iphigenia, daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, for the glory of Argos against Troy.There are several interesting points regardign this play. First, the cowardice of king Agamemnon. Instead of tryign to save his daughter, he laments and acts as if he is bringing her for the sacrifice in front of his brother and the other chiefs. He fools his wife in a letter saying he is giving his daughter to Achilles while he is bring her to his doom. But when Iphigenia comes, she is not alone so it becomes harder to sacrifice her, as a man who is ready to use lies to kill his daughter also fears the wrath of a wife ready to save her daughter no matter what. Agamemnon is filled with sorrow but his love for his daughter does not mach his fear of his soldiers. He decides to sacrifice her, with tears in his eyes.
The second point concerns Iphigenia who, at first could not accept being ascrifised: first because she thought she was brought with other better intentions, and second because she found it unfair to die because of the betrayal of Helene. Even though she pleads her father and Achilles to have her life spared, but at the end she accepts her fate with dignity because she knew she didn't have another choice and because Argos needed it.
The third point is that Achilles tried to protect Iphigenia better than her own father. Even though Achilles was shocked when he was told that Agamemnon pretended, in his letter sent to his wife, that Iphigenia was to become Achilles wife; even though it was just a way to bring his daughter to her doom rather than the truth, Achilles still decided to save her, and he was ready to sacrifice his own life for her. (while it was a father's duty to do the same instead of crying her loss before she even died.)
At the end, Iphigenia does not die, but she disappears to join the gods. Her courage won her a place among them.